Saturday, 21 June 2014 18:01 | Written by Edited by James Johnson
Twenty three members of the First Wisconsin Heavy Artillery who left Washington on Monday last arrived here last night. They formerly belonged to Company K, of the 2d Regiment they were transferred soon after the battle of Bull Run to artillery service and assigned to garrison duty on Alington heights.
Their time has expired, and they were to be mustered out of service this afternoon. Through their organization has been engaged in no battles, it has rendered efficient service in securing the safety of Washington. (Editors note: as members of Co. K of the 2d Wis. they were in the first battle of Bull Run)
Saturday, 21 June 2014 17:47 | Written by Edited James Johnson
Gen. Fairchild Remarks June 18th, 1864, Madison, Wisconsin, The welcome home program at the capital. (Fairchild lost his left arm at Gettysburg commanding the Second Wisconsin)
At the conclusion of the Governor's remarks, the regiment loudly called for Gen. Fairchild who took the speaker's stand, in the midst of enthusiustic cheers and said:
"Comrades of the Old Second:"
"When I rode at your head to day for the last time as a volunteer aid to Major Otis, I tried to think that I was once more an honest Colonel in the army. (Laughter and cheers) We have been through many tough experiences together; we have been through many long marches many dangers and many hardships; we have seen many of our brethren fall by our sides in battle; but I have never seen you flinch or known you to be discouraged.And I have always thanked God that it was my fortune to be honored with the command of such a regiment. (cheers)"
"The last time I spoke to you before this and boys you know I never talked to you very often was at Rocky Camp just after the battle of Antietam. Then there were but seventy of you able to report for duty. During the three preceding weeks four hundred of you number had fallen in battle. I told you then that I wanted you to so acquit yourselves that every parent who had a son every sister who had a brother and every sweet heart who had a lover in the old Second, would be proud to acknowiedge it, and that when you returned to your homes the whole people would welcome you as having done your entire duty. "
"Faithfully have you heeded those admonitions and now you have returned to receive that welcome. You are about to be mustered out of the service. You will soon go to your homes. You well be soldiers no longer, but citizens. Let me adjure you each one of you to remember that you have still the reputation of the old Second to maintain. Slow yourselves as true to your country when citizens as you have been when soldiers. Act so that you can hold your heads up. Never let the good name you have won as soldiers be tarnished by anything you may do as citizens. I know you will not. I know that your who have bought so well to sustain the Government in the field will at home by word and deed as citizens do all you can for its support and to cheer on and maintain our armies."
"Comrades, from the bottom of my heart I give you welcome." (Great Cheering.)
Saturday, 10 May 2014 23:36 | Written by Compiled by James Johnson
The Journey to Huntsville, condition of the country- The Regiment in good condition- Going to join Sherman.
Camp of the 16th Regt. Wis. Vet. Inftry.
Huntsville, Ala., May 24, 1864.
Editors State Journal:-We arrived at Huntsville yesterday after marching from Clifton, Tenn., a distance of over one hundred and fifty miles, in eight days.
We left Clifton on the afternoon of the 15th, and marched seven miles when we bivouacked for the night on Hardin's Creek.-
In the morning at 6 o'clock, we started again and marched a distance of twenty miles through a fertile tract of county, abounding with splendid springs and brooks, and fine and well cultivated farms, and at night halted at Waynsboro.
In the morning we again took up our line of march passing through a well watered but poor and hilly country, covered with a growth of black oak and stunted pine, with come chestnuts. After marching some twenty miles we halted in a heavy timbered, low flat, amid a drenching rain storm, but managed to pass the night tolerably comfortably, and in the morning started on again feeling first rate, and after a hard march in a hot sun for a distance of twenty miles over a poor and broken country, arrived at Pulaski on the Nashville railroad, where we remained one day to rest.
On the morning of the 21st, at 4 o'clock, we left Pulaski, our regiment being detailed to drive about 2,000 head of cattle brought through from Clinton. Reaching Elk river, a rapid running stream about sixteen rods wide, with some difficulty we pushed the cattle through. Some of the boys manifested a dislike to fording the stream, when Col. Fairchild plunged, and with a cheer the boys followed him, all getting over safely excepting a negro cook belonging to Co. K whom the current carried off. Five miles more brought us to Elkmond where we bivouacked.
On the 22d a march of 20 miles brought us to camp three miles beyond Lawrenceburg, and an equal march on the 23d landed us at Huntsville, not feeling much fatigued after our long march, the boys seeming to enjoy it.
The country within thirty miles of Huntsville is very fine, and large fields of wheat, corn, rye and cotten are abundant. The people seem to be in comfortable circumstances, claiming that they are not rebels, but Southerners, who sympathize with their losing brethren. all the able-bodied men are in the army-some in our army and some in the rebel army.
The weather is warm here at present, but the boy's stand the heat first rate and are healthy and in tip-top condition at present. Some of the recruits are troubled some with that scourge to a new comer in this climate diarrhwa but Surgeon Turner seems to be very successful in their treatment.
Our regiment received the praise of Gen. Force for keeping better closed up, having less strugglers, and marching better than any other regiment in the command.
Col. Fairchild is very careful of his men, especially when marching, giving them frequent halts, and seeing that no man is obliged to march who is unable to do so, thereby having no men straggling in the rear.
We are brigaded with the 38th Ohio, whose Colonel, McCook, commands the brigade.-
He tendered the command to Col. Fairchild, but the latter declined under the circumstances. The Colonel is worthy to command a brigade, and no doubt will soon be in command of one, for his abililty is considered second to none in the corps.
Gen. Frank Blair is now with us, having assumed command of the corps. We expect to start for Gen. Sherman's army to-morrow. Our transportation is reduced to two teams to a regiment, officers being allowed nothing but a satchel and having to carry their blankets and rations, no cooking utensils even being allowed to be carried. We are now in light marching order and in working condition, and expect ro do something soon.
Saturday, 10 May 2014 23:26 | Written by Compiled by James Johnson
The Iron Brigade was engaged in the sharp affair which occurred at the crossing of the North Anna River on Monday, the 23d ult. The New York Herald publishes the following list of the wounded:
D. Moriarty, 7th; M. Bennett, G, 7th; S. C. Waterman, I, 7th; Silas Ware, I, 7th; S. J. Longin, K, 6th; J. Heidorf, F, 6th; A. Hughes, B, 7th; Isaac Adams, C, 6th; D.C. Smith, H, 7th; J.R. Wilson, A, 7th; O. Wieman, C, 6th; G.W. Miller, D, 6th; Jacob Miller, F, 6th; Corp. E. Wallace, C, 7th; A. Mahoney, K, 7th; Jas. Grant, H, 7th; W. Caloun, C, 7th; Corp. J. W. Corpell, K, 7th; C.G. Culpenna, K, 6th; Sergt, A. Dyer, B, 7th.
Saturday, 19 April 2014 20:24 | Written by Susan Johnson
During this Holy season it seems appropriate to note some information retative to Easter during the Civil War. To begin with Easter traditions that are not Civil War related, The Easter Bunny, Painted eggs and the Easter Parade are not period traditions. Easter and the dates the early church set for it largly conform to pagan (particularily British) Spring celebrations. Even the name is somewhat derivitive as Eostre, an Anglo Saxon goddess, and the prolific rabbit and eggs link to the tradition of Spring and rebirth, Even earlier is new clothes display which generally attributes to Rome in the 4th century when it was decreed that fine clothing should be worn to celebrate with the Ressurection. Combined with the tradition of processions of people greeting Christ on Palm Sunday and following to the Crucifiction and celebrating the Ressurection, in the 1870's the religious parades blossemed into secular events that became known as Easter Parades.
The notebooks of Daniel Chisholm of Co. K of the 116th PA in 1864 shares that The beautiful Easter Sunday finds us all O.K. for it is as pretty and warm day, but we The Army of the Potomac, allowed morning and afternoon services so troops could attend when not on duty.
They could, however, enjoy a snack comperable to the M & M from World War II, the Jelly Bean. Developed based on Turkish Delites, Boston confectioner left no mess on one's hands.
On the other side, The egg roll which Dolly Madison had instituted in Washington was suspended during the War and not reinstated untill Rutherford B. Hayes became President.
The dates of easter during the war were March 31, 1861, April 20, 1862, April 5, 1863 , March 27, 1864 and April 10, 1865. Lincoln was killed on Good Friday. On Easter Sunday, parishioners were dressed in black and ministers gave sermons based on the dates.
On Palm Sunday, the rector of St James', Chicago, the Rev. Dr. Clarkson, preached to his congregation on the subject of giving to God's Church out of the abundance wherewith He was blessing them, and especially called upon them all to bring an offering; on Easter Day, sufficient to pay the.entire debt of the Church. On Easter Sunday every man, woman and child that could come out were present each one bringing an offering, and the sum of thirty-one thousand two hundred dollars was laid upon the altar